Warsaw Trade Tower
Height to the roof: 184 m
Total height: 208 m
Number of floors: 45
Year of construction: 1999
Designers: G. Di Vanna, M. Loeffler, R. Manfredi, R. Peloquin, "Majewski, Wyszyński, Hermanowicz" workshop
Location: ul. Chłodna 51
We can say that Warsaw Skyscrapers are really multinational: Palace of Culture and Science is actually a Soviet building, Novotel Warszawa Centrum Hotel (former Forum Hotel) and Intraco I are Swedish, Millenium Plaza - Turkish and Warsaw Trade Tower - Korean. Its construction was connected with coming onto Polish market Korean concern Daewoo. The company decided not only to invest in Polish car factories, but also to build in Warsaw its office building. They located it at a very attractive point - the intersection of Chlodna and Towarowa streets is actually the centre of Wola district, which has been changing rapidly in last years. From Warsaw 'Wild West', full of neglected houses and ruined old factories, it becomes very attractive area, both for inhabitants and for investors. A large number of modern office building has been built here. They neighbour with historical buildings, which has been restored step by step.
WTT building is a very complicated structure. The skyscraper's foundations come down to 11 metres under the ground and stand on 156 piles. The main element of the building is a core made of reinforced concrete. Inside it there are fast lifts, which can go at 25,2 km/h and all necessary facilities, thanks to them Warsaw Trade Tower is one of most 'intelligent' buildings in Warsaw. Steel structures of each of the floors are fixed to the core. Because all facilities are gathered in this one, central element, the arrangement of space on each floor can be composed freely by its occupier. An interesting technical fact is that a lot of bolts were used for joining metal parts, instead of welding.
The skyscraper's construction is a result of cooperation of companies from different counties: the main investor was Korean company, main architectural project was drawn up by Americans, and main contractors was two Polish companies: Mostostal Warszawa Co. installed all metal part of the structure and Warbud was responsible for constructing all concrete parts: the core and ceilings of all the floors. Also some elements of the building's structure came from abroad: some steal elements of the structure was imported from Luxembourg, special bolts for joining them - from Germany and materials for covering the elevation - from Belgium.
The construction of the building was moving really fast, it was started in June 1996, it reached the last floor in November 1998 and it was finished at the end of 1999. In the period of most intensive work one floor was constructed in 3-4 days. That is a really fast pace, even more if we think that the constructors had to take under consideration the gradual 'sinking' of the building into the ground, as it was becoming more and more heavy.
Warsaw Trade Tower consists of two segments: the first one is lower, 7-floored, it is situated closer to Towarowa street. The main, higher one is located further. In first three storeys of the building, which are located under the ground, there are car parks. Nearly all the first floor is occupied by a huge hall, on the second floor there are some shops and on the third one - a restaurant. In higher floors, from fourth to fortieth, offices are located. Only floors number 7, 18 and 28 are exceptions - technical facilities are situated here. Also five last floors, from forty-first to forty-fifth are of technical use. The top of the last floor is situated on the height of 184 metres. On the very top there is a huge spire, which reaches 208 metres over the ground. Thanks to it the building is second highest in Warsaw or even the highest one if we count buildings without spires and masts. The building is also the place where the highest located offices in Warsaw are.
It seems that Warsaw inhabitants like the buildings' design. It does not arouse such controversy as the nearby Millenium Plaza. Its shape and colour seems to be well chosen. The main part of the building has a semi-circled shape and it is finished with a characteristic extension, which has a shape of helmet. Covering building's elevation with dark glass make it light blue in the daylight. That colour goes well with the purple granite, of which the characteristic 'board', visible from Towarowa street and other some other small details are made.
During its short history, the building already has had a few adventures. Some Warsaw inhabitants remember perhaps an enormous, a few floors' high poster, which was hanging on yet unfinished building's frame for several weeks at the end of 1998. It was advertising Matiz - one of cars produced by Daewoo concern and was really impressive - huge, illuminated, it was visible even from far western districts of Warsaw. But soon someone has stolen some of ropes, on which this enormous billboard was hanged. For several days it was pulled by the wind and finally, when on New Year's eve, when a really strong wind was blowing, it was nearly torn off, the decision of its removing was made.
The fast speed of the building's construction occurred to be unfortunate for a few drivers, that used to park their cars next to the building site. Some of them reported to the newspapers that pieces of concrete, that fell from the building, damaged their cars.
Soon after finishing the construction, the building changed its owner. A danger of bankruptcy started to thread Daewoo concern, so they decided to sell the building. In December 2002 it was bought by American company Apollo-Rida, which already has had many office buildings and magazines in Poland. After it some speculation appeared, that the price of transaction was much lower than a real value of the skyscraper, but Daewoo concern agreed for that, because they wanted to get rid of the building fast.
More information about the skyscraper, also for possible office's tenants, can be found on the official website of the building: www.wtt.pl.
Unofficial translation of streets' names that appeared in the text:
Chlodna - Cool Street (but in the meaning of temperature);
Towarowa - Commodity Street;
(C) 2001-2013 Maciej Blazejewski